Postgraduate Programme



            The Postgraduate Diploma in Technical Education,(PGDTE),Masters in Technology Education( M.Tech). and Doctor of Philosophy ( Ph.D) Programmes of the Department of Agricultural Education are intended to prepare professionally qualified individuals who can assume leadership positions in government, secondary schools, Colleges of Education, Polytechnics, Universities, agricultural industry and commerce.  The Federal Government of Nigeria has, since the introduction of the National Policy on Education (NPE), placed emphasis on vocational and technical education.  This emphasis has led to the establishment of College of Education (Technical) in various parts of the country and the introduction of programmes of technical and vocational education in several polytechnics and Universities in Nigeria. All such programmes require well-trained lecturers with postgraduate qualifications in vocational and technical education. The PGDTE programme is made available to youth and adults who are already at work but are motivated to update or upgrade their present occupational skills or learn new skills and extended knowledge.  Based on the strength of this philosophy, most of the people who will be admitted into the programme are already employed in teaching and technology education administration.  Therefore, the Postgraduate Diploma in Technology Education will make them more effective in their respective employments.



The general objective of the programme is to provide students with adequate knowledge, attitudes and skills generic to Agricultural Education studies. Specifically, the programme is designed to:

  1. equip students with professional competencies that will enable them serve in leadership positions in

secondary schools, government, Colleges of Education, Colleges of agriculture, Polytechnics,

Universities and agricultural related enterprises;

  1. increase the technical knowledge and skills of students so that they can keep abreast of technological

development in agricultural education;

  1. develop research skills in students and teach them to apply such skills in the solution of problems in

vocational agriculture and other technical education areas; and

  1. to provide persons in teaching and administrative positions in technical and vocational institutions

who do not possess any formal professional qualifications in technical education with the required

body of knowledge and instructions.


The PGDTE Programme is designed to cover foundational studies in vocational and technical basic courses in general education. The specific area of technology education covered by the programme is Agricultural Education. The M.Tech. and Ph.D Programmes of the Department of Agricultural Education are designed to offer courses in Agricultural Education.



  1. a) PGDTE Programme
  2. Graduates of the University of Nigeria or other recognized Universities who have obtained a degree

of Bachelor in Agricultural Education or any field of Agriculture with at least third class honours with  GPA not less than 2.00 on a five point scale or  its equivalent.

  1. Graduates of Higher National Diploma in any area of agriculture passed at distinction or upper credit


  1. b) Master of Technology Education( M.Tech) Programme

The following categories of candidates may be admitted on application

  1. Graduates of the University of Nigeria, or of other approved universities who have

obtained at least a second-class honours degree or its equivalent in Agricultural Education


  1. Graduates of related disciplines in different areas of Agriculture, who have obtained a second class

honours degree or its equivalent, and who have  additional Post-Graduate Diploma in Technical

Education (PGDTE) passed at credit level or above.

iii. Holders of the Higher National Diploma in different fields of agriculture who have in addition

obtained a Postgraduate Diploma in Technical Education at credit  level or above.

  1. Other Graduates of the University of Nigeria, or of other recognized universities whose detailed

academic records are considered satisfactory by the Senate of the  University of Nigeria.
c). Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D) Programme

  1. Candidates who possess a Masters or Higher degree in Agricultural Education from the University

of Nigeria or other approved universities may be admitted into the Doctor of Philosophy

Programme provided that they obtained a minimum GPA of 3.50 on a 5-point scale or 3.00 on a 4-

point scale and that a satisfactory  research work formed part of the Master’s degree.


  1. Candidates who hold other qualifications may be admitted into the Doctor of Philosophy

programme if their detailed academic records are satisfactory to the  Senate of the University.

iii. Candidates who possess a master degree in Agricultural Education with a GPA below 3.50 but

not less than 3.00 can be admitted to M.Tech/Ph.D Programme



i   Technology education in production agriculture

  1. Agro-business education

iii  Soil education



Minimum and maximum for PGDTE Programme shall be

Full Time      A minimum of 2 semesters

A maximum of 4 semesters


Full Time      A minimum of 3 semesters

A maximum of 5 semesters

Part- Time    A minimum of 6 semesters

A maximum of 8 semesters


Full- Time    A minimum of 6 semesters

A maximum of 10 semesters

Part- Time    A minimum of 8 semesters

A maximum of 12 semesters



PGDTE Programme

To be awarded PGDTE in Agricultural Education, a student must have taken and passed the prescribed number of required courses from the approved list, a total of 34units as follows:


Courses                                          30units

Project/Long Essay                           4units

Total                                                 34units


M.Tech Programme

To be awarded the M.Tech degree in Agricultural Education, a student must have taken and passed the prescribed number of courses selected from the approved list, a total of 44 units as follows:


Courses                                           38 Units

Project                                                6 Units

Total                                                   44 Units

Ph.D Programme

To graduate, all the Ph.D candidates must take and pass all the requisite courses as prescribed in the Ph.D course list, a total of 41 Units as follows:


Courses                                               31units

Thesis                                                  10units

Total                                                     41 units



Prof. Emmanuel .C Osinem

B.Sc , M.Ed, Ph.D (Nig)


Dr. Francis M. Onu

B.Sc , M.Ed, Ph.D (Nig)


Dr Juliana A. Ukonze

B.Sc , M.Ed, Ph.D (Nig)


Dr Florence O Ifeanyieze

B.Sc , M.Ed, Ph.D (Nig)


Dr Toochukwu. E Ejiofor

B.Sc , M.Ed, Ph.D (Nig)


Dr Cajethan U. Ugwoke

B.Sc , M.Ed, Ph.D (Nig)



Most of the people who will pursue the PGDTE Programme are already employed or will be employed in teaching and vocational/technical education administration.  The Postgraduate Diploma in Technology Education will make them more effective in their respective employments.


Students who successfully complete the M.Tech and Ph.D degree programmes of the Department of Agricultural Education may be employed in the following positions:


(i)         Secondary school principals, vice-principals and teachers of vocational and technical agricultural subjects.


(ii)        Administrators and managers of training programmes in Education sector and industries.


(iii)       Lecturers of N.C.E programmes in Vocational and Technical Education in Colleges of Education, Colleges of Agriculture and Polytechnics.


(iv)       Lecturers in degree programmes in Vocational and Technical Education Programmes in Universities.








First Semester

Course No.     Course Title                                                                                              Units

VTE    0501    Foundations of Vocational Technical Education                                           2

VTE    0503    Vocational Guidance                                                                                      2

VTE    0505    Administration of Vocational Technical Education                                       2

VTE    0507    Measurement & Evaluation in Technology Education                                   2

VTE    0511    Research Methods in Vocational Technical Education                                  2

EDU    0511    Educational Psychology I                                                                               2

EDU    0521    Curriculum Theory and Planning                                                                    3

AGE   0515   Environmental Education in Agriculture                                                         2


Second Semester

AGE    0516    Curriculum Development in Agricultural Education                                      2

AGE    0510    Methodology in Agricultural Education                                                         2

AGE    0512    Seminar in Agricultural Education                                                                 2

AGE    0514    Management of the School Farm for Profit                                                    2

VTE    0504    Practical Teaching in Voc and Technical Education                                      3

EDU    0512    Educational Psychology II                                                                             2

AGE    0590    Project                                                                                                          `  4

PGDTE COURSE DESCRIPTIONS                                                                                 17


VTE    0501    Foundations of Technology Education

Philosophical, sociological, historical and economic foundations – a comparative analysis.  Content scope and objectives. Vocational education and national development.  Professional opportunities in vocational education

(2 units)

VTE    0503    Vocational Guidance

An introductory course in the principles and practices of vocational guidance.  Emphasis on problems in schools.  Historical, philosophical, psychological and socio-economic foundations of the guidance movements and course in career education.

(2 units)

VTE    0504    Practical Teaching in Voc and Technical Education

Students are exposed to basic principles and procedures of practical teaching in vocational subjects including micro-teaching; participate in micro-teaching before the actual field practical teaching; actual field practical teaching of vocational subjects in post-primary institutions for a period of at least 6 weeks.

(2 units)


VTE    0505    Administration of Vocational Technical Education

Study of the philosophical, historical, social and psychological foundations underlying the organization, administration, supervision and teaching of vocational and technical education.  Examination of existing patterns in Nigeria.

(2 units)

VTE 0507       Measurement and Evaluation in Voc and Technical Education

Theories and approaches to evaluation in technology education.  Importance and objectives. Norm reference and criterion referenced, effective domain and psychomotor domain.  Essay tests, objective tests and performance tests, test validity and reliability, test administration and evaluation.  Product and process evaluation in technology education, skills evaluation in technology education.

(2 units)

AGE   0510    Methodology in Agricultural Education

Application of the principles of curriculum and course construction.  Attention to specialized methods of teaching, measurement and supervision techniques appropriate to agricultural education.  Development of lesson plan, Planning of teaching in laboratories and instructional materials,

(2 units)

VTE    0511    Research Methods in Vocational & Technical Education

Techniques of empirical study including designing  various types of study; methods of data collection; data analysis, simple ways of testing hypotheses and methods of writing research proposal and research reports.

                                                                                                                                    (2 units)

AGE   0512    Seminar in Agricultural Education

A consideration, identification and examination of some of the major issues presently facing Nigerian educational authorities regarding the role and nature of various technical vocational education and training under formal and non-formal settings.  Instructional problems of teachers and students’ problems in choosing careers in vocational and technical subjects will be considered.

(2 units)

AGE   0514    Management of the School Farm for Profit

Emphasis will be placed on the importance of the school farm; difference between a school farm and a commercial and/or traditional farm; agricultural activities on the social farm. Practical activities in designing, locating/plotting and establishing school farms.   The experience students and teachers could transfer from the school farm to improve agricultural outputs of the community will be discussed.  Maintenance operation in the school farm will be of great focus.


AGE 0515      Environmental Education in Agriculture               2 units

Meaning of ecology and ecosystem from agro-ecological perspective. Agro-ecological problems/Degradation – causes, consequences and remedies. Environmental resources conservation and management approaches. Farm – level application of soil conservation technologies in schools. Farmstead planning and farm sanitation, Establishment and maintenance of ornamentals and lawns in schools.

AGE   0516    Curriculum Development in Agricultural  Education

Major components of curriculum in vocational education.  Sources and factors in curriculum planning in vocational education.  Historical trends in curriculum revision and innovation in technology education in Nigeria; steps in curriculum development.  Curriculum evaluation – roles procedure, stages and evaluation of instruments in technology education.  A review of syllabuses of secondary school vocational subjects related to course of study.

(2 units)





First Semester

Course No.     Course Title                                                                                                   Units

VTE    501      Theories and Administration of Voc & Technical Education                          3

VTE    503      Research Methods in Voc. & Technical Education                                          3

VTE    505      Curriculum Development in Voc & Technical Education                                3

VTE    507     ICT in Vocational Technical Education                                                            3

AGE    515      Agricultural Resources Management Education                                               2

PGC   601    Research Methodology and Application of ICT in Research                               3


Second Semester

Course No.     Course Title                                                                                                   Units

AGE    510      Work Experience Designs in Agriculture                                                          2

AGE    512      Agricultural Training Facilities/resources Management                                     2

Options                                                                                                                                      6


Options: (See below)

Four units of courses must be chosen from options A, B or C according

to the following areas of specialization:



AGE    522      Voc Agric Programmes in Crops and Livestock Production                            3

AEX    622      Diffusion of Innovations                                                                                  3



AGE    532      Business Development plans for Agric ventures in Schools                             3

AEC    632      Marketing Management for Agribusiness Firms                                               3



AGE    542      Training in Tropical Soils Utilization and Improvement                                   3

SSC     662      Advanced Soil Fertility                                                                                    3


Third Semester

Course No      Course Title                                                                                                  Units

AGE    511      Seminar in Agricultural Education                                                                   3

AGE    590      Project                                                                                                               6



Grand Total of Course Units                                                                  =                              36






First Semester

Course Code   Course Title                                                                                     Units

VTE    601      Emerging Issues and Innovations in Voc and Tech Education               3

VTE    603      Enterprise Development in Voc and Technical Education                      3

VTE    605      Proposal and Grant Writing skills in Technology Education                   3

PGC   701       Synopses and Grant Writing                                                                    3



2nd Semester


AGE   612    Doctoral Seminar in Technology Education                                               4

AGE   614     Advanced Curriculum Studies in Agricultural Education                           3



3rd Semester

AGE    611      Advanced Agricultural Research and Training Models                              2

AGE    613      Ergonomic principles and skills development in Agriculture                     2

AGE    615      Green Technology and Skills Development in Agriculture                         2


4th Semester

OPTIONS  (See below)

Six units of course must be chosen from options A, B or C according to the

following areas of specialization:



AGE    622   Entrepreneurship Education in Agricultural Production                                3                   AGE    624   Innovations in Micro livestock Production in Schools                                  3


AGE    632      Advanced Agribusiness Management Education                                        3

AGE    634    Business Development Plans for Youths in Agric.                                       3


AGE    642      Soil Fertility and Conservation Education                                                  3

AGE    644    Environmental Crisis and Climate Change Education                                  3                                                  

5th and 6th Semesters                                                                                                          6

AGE    690      Thesis                                                                                                         10

Grand  TOTAL                                                                                                                 41






M.Tech. and  Ph.D PROGRAMMES


VTE    501      Theories and Administration of Technology Education

Vocational and Technology Education theories, and processes that have shaped vocational/technology education. Evaluation of the basic theoretical concepts, self-concept, personality concepts, environmental and self-realization concepts relating to Vocational/technology Education. The concept of policy, institutions in educational policy formulation; policy analysis tools; issues in Nigerian Educational Policy and Vocational/Technical Education.  Principles and approaches in Vocational/technology education administration and supervision.  Administration and supervision of secondary and tertiary vocational education institutions.

(4 units)

VTE    502      Occupational Guidance

Techniques, procedures and instrument for providing occupational guidance for school leavers.  Review of occupational areas, placement follow-up activities, classification and description of jobs and industries and current issues, problems and trends in education, society and the world of work.

(2 units)

VTE    503      Research Methods in Technology Education

Methodologies and procedures in Vocational/Technical Education research; problems formulation – use of problem tree and solution tree analysis; research objectives, questions and hypothesis; research designs, methods of data collection, development of instrument for data collection, thesis proposal and reporting. Statistical techniques applicable to research in Vocational/Technical Education; Descriptive techniques and inferential statistics such as t-test, analysis of variance (ANOVA), analysis of covariance (ANCOVA), regression analysis etc.  Non-parametric statistical techniques.

(3 units)

VTE    504      Evaluation in Vocational/Technical Educational                                         

Theories and approaches to evaluation in Vocational Education. Current methodology in evaluation, such as criterion-referencing, cost benefit analysis, cost effectiveness, Programme Evaluation and Review Techniques (PERT)

(2 units)

VTE    505      Curriculum Development in Vocational Education

Selection and organization of instructional materials for technology education courses, study of current curriculum practices, concepts and trend in the field of technology education. Curriculum designs in different occupational fields of technology education. Principles underlying curriculum research, development, and improvement.                                                                                                                                                          (2 units)

VTE    506     Fundamentals of Vocational Enterprise Development     

Developing business centres, functions of business development centres. Vision, mission, scope, activity areas, partnerships and collaboration of BDCs.

(3 units)




VTE    507    ICT in Vocational/Technical Education

Computer Literacy.  Principles and general application of Information Communication Technology in Vocational Education Programmes. ICT as curriculum content, instructional delivery tools, evaluation/assessment tools etc.. Internet Services and use of e-learning concepts.  Instructional methods and materials for ICT application.

(3 units)

VTE   509     Seminar in Vocational Education

Study and analysis of social economic and technological trends in vocational education, and current development in technology education.  Minor research papers are to be presented.                                                                                                               (3 units)


AGE   510      Work Experience Programmes Designs in Agriculture

Work experience/activity-based learning theories. Planning, execution and evaluation of  work experience programAmes in agricultural occupations.  Analysis of emerging and sustainable crops, livestock and other agricultural production technologies; related non- farm occupations for work experience programmes in agriculture. Designing specific occupational/work experience programme in for schools and colleges.

(2 units)

AGE   511      Seminar in Agricultural Education

Study and analysis of social economic and technological trends in agriculture, land development and agricultural education.  Minor research papers are to be presented.

(3 units)

AGE   512      Agricultural Training Facilities/resources Management

Categorizing facility/resources required for agricultural teaching and learning at all levels of education system. Problems associated with resource wastages and techniques in determining agricultural training resources/ facility needs and sourcing  for schools and colleges; evaluations and assessing facilities and resources, planning for new construction, utilizing specialized personnel, and related financial matters.                                                                                                                                                         (2 units)

AGE   514      Voc.  Agricultural Programmes in Crops and Livestock Production

Commercial school and college farm production programmes.  Application of sustainable crops and livestock production technologies for improving small holder farm productivity in Nigeria. Designing crops and livestock training programmes. Farmer education and productivity. Strategies for assisting farmers in adopting green technologies for increasing production.                                                                      (3 units)


AGE   515      Agricultural Resources Management Education

Land, forest, wildlife and water resources and their sustainable management.  Resources exploitation-related environment crises.  Environmental education and environmental improvement principles and practices. Case studies of agricultural resources management options among diverse local users.

(2 units)

AGE   516      Business Development plans for Agric ventures in Schools

Concept, models/types and scope of business plan development in agriculture. Agricultural ventures in schools and colleges business plans could be developed on.

Management concept and models. Economic principles of agricultural production, management in agri-business, financial analysis and statements in agri-business farm management advising. Agricultural project cycle – planning, implementation and evaluation. Practical procedures for developing business plans and possible try-out methods.

(3 units)

AGE   518      Training in Tropical Soils Utilization and Improvement

Soil degradation concept, forms, manifestations/effects/consequences Tropical soils characteristics and types.  Soil requirements of major-tropical crops.  Soil Associated with the Tropical Forest Biomes. Forest Soil and Hydrological Cycle. Management of Problem Soils management of Dry sands, Wetland Management, Strip Mine Spoils, Nutrient-depleted sites, Other Problems. Diagnosis and Correction of Nutrient Deficiencies.  Soil fertility management for sustainable agricultural productivity in small-holder agriculture. Practical Steps in mounting soil conservation education programmes in schools.                                                                                                                     (3 units)


PGC    601     Research Methodology and Application of ICT in Research

                        (Masters Degree Course)                 

In-dept research work aimed at acquiring full knowledge and presentation in scholarly writing of the concepts, issues, trends in the definition and development of the study area from African and Western perspectives.  Major steps in research:  Selection of problem, Literature review, Design, Data collection, analysis and interpretation, conclusions.  Study of various research designs, Historical, Case studies, surveys, descriptive, cross sectional experimental, etc. Analysis, surveys and synthesis of conceptual and philosophical foundations of different disciplines.  Identification of research problems and development of research data and the format for presenting research results (from designing the table of contents to referencing, bibliography and appendix).  Data analysis and result presentation in different disciplines using appropriate analytical tools.  Methods of project/dissertation writing.  Application of appropriate advanced ICT tools relevant in every discipline for data gathering, analysis and result presentation.  Essentials of spreadsheets, Internet technology, and Internet search engines.  All registered Masters Degree students must attend a solution based interactive workshop to be organised by the School of Postgraduate Studies for a practical demonstration and application of the knowledge acquired from the course, conducted by selected experts.

AEX 622        Diffusion of Innovations

The concepts of innovation adoption process. Sources of information factors affecting diffusion and adoption of innovation. Opinion leaders and flow of ideas. The role of change agents and the consequences of innovations. Recent research on diffusion and adoption.                                                                                                                (3 unit)


AEC   632      Marketing Management for Agribusiness Firms

A study of marketing decision making in agribusiness. Analysis, planning, control and evaluation of marketing opportunities. The marketing mix and demand creation; marketing in the internet; consumer and industrial markets. The SWOT  analysis, market research; case study.                                                                             (3 unit)


SSC 662  Advanced Soil Fertility

Soil condition affecting availability of plant nutrients. Method of determining soil fertility and insufficiency of plant nutrients in soil. Fertilizers and micro-nutrient crop response curves. Soil testing and interpretation of soil test results. Nutrient movement-caution exchange theory, mass flow, and diffusion. On uptake and translocation on roots, line weaver-burke plot                                                                                                        (3 units)


AGE   590      Research Project

Supervised independent investigation of topics in the areas of Vocational Agriculture,.  A project is required.                                                                                          (6 units)



VTE 601         Doctoral Seminar in Technology Education

Analyses, discussions and presentation of pertinent issues in Technology teacher education with general  emphases on vocational education and particular references to the various specializations in Agricultural Education; Business Education; Computer Education; Home Economics Education and Industrial Technical Education.

                                                                                                                                    (4 units)

VTE    602      Enterprise Developments in Technology Education                            

Productivity theories and entrepreneurial developments with emphasis on the management of enterprises and the development and marketing of products.  Application of vocational skills in enterprise development and production of consumer products. Feasibility study and development of business plans. Crafting vision and mission statements. Logical and legal frameworks for business enterprise. Management structures and operations in business management. Students and community engagements in business enterprises. Monitoring and evaluation of business enterprises.                                                                                                       (3 units)


VTE    603      Advanced Curriculum Studies in Technology Education

Identification and examination of curriculum problems and issues in various areas of Technology education.  Application of various curriculum principles and framework.  Development of curricular for various technology areas.  Curriculum innovations and practical application in curriculum improvement. Candidates will be expected to deliver one seminar in this course.                                                                               (3 units)


VTE    604      Proposal and Grant Writing in Technology Education                                 

Procedures in writing research proposals. Writing styles, chapter, citation, organization, referencing, etc.  Concept and types of grants. Grant writing techniques grants in technology education. Sources of grants in TVET. Challenges and prospects in writing grant proposals.                                                                                           (3 units)


VTE    605      Emerging Issues in Technology Education                                          

Identification of emerging issues and challenges that have implications for technology Education – National and Global; Greening TVET concept, green jobs and green skills in technology education. Climate change and environmental preservation- implications for technology education.  Problem solving skills and innovations Today’s national and international emphasis on funding and financing of vocational education for increased productivity.  Students are expected to deliver one seminar paper in this course.

(3 units)

VTE   606  Career Development in Vocational Education

Planning cooperative education and internship programmes. Career planning guide, internship and full time positions. Career fairs , professional ethics. Writing resumes – functional, chronological, internship, electronic. Power verbs for resume writing. Letters and interviews – informational, behavioural. Frequently asked questions (FAQs) by employers and employees. Transferable skills.                                                           (3 units)


VTE    607      Human Resource Management in Vocational Education            

Course will focus on identification of available human resources in vocational education; their utilization for efficient vocational programmes implementation and management. Organization of workshops, seminars, conferences on current human resource development issues in vocational education                                                            (3 units)




VTE 608  Public Speaking and Advocacy in Technology.

Speaking and listening techniques, speech preparation- organizing and outlining. Speech presentation, varieties of public speaking in vocational education. Advocacy models, techniques and media. Key vocational issues requiring advocacy and public speaking. (3 units)


VTE  609   Analysis of Apprenticeship systems and Skills Development                               

Apprenticeship concept, types/models in formal and informal TVET systems. Issues and challenges in apprenticeship systems and skills development.  Designing apprenticeship programmes in different occupational areas.                             (3 units)


AGE   611      Advanced Agricultural Research and Training Models

Typology of Agricultural research.  Agricultural Education research models.  Agricultural research, Extension and Education & training linkage mechanisms.  Role of Agricultural Education in national innovation system.  Agricultural Training Models.  Action Research Model.  Designing farm research programme for schools. Designing agricultural training programme for specified beneficiaries.                                                               (2 units)


AGE   612      Entrepreneurship Education in Agricultural Production                                                     Concepts of Entrepreneurship Education and Agricultural Productivity.  Objectives of Entrepreneurship Studies in Agricultural production. Management of Agricultural Enterprises for profit maximization. Prospects and challenges of Entrepreneurship Development in Agricultural (Production) Education. Development of Entrepreneurship Competencies for successful Agricultural business. Entrepreneurship in crop production.  Entrepreneurship in livestock production.                                       (3 units)

AGE   613      Ergonomic principles and skills development in Agriculture               Concept of ergonomics. Hazards in agricultural work environment. Ergonomic principles and farm safety measures. Application of ergonomic principles for  skills development in crop and livestock production. Ergonomics and supervision of students out-door agricultural activities.                                                                                                   (2 units)

AGE   614      Advanced Agribusiness Management Education             

Analysis of Different Management concepts in agribusiness e.g.  The six “M” Management Concept. Industrial Engineering Approach. Organizational Theory. POD CC Concept, etc. Primary Agricultural Production, Processing and Marketing Management.  Business Development. Project Maximization Principles. Budgeting and

Financing.  Financial Statements.  Sourcing and Application of Production Technologies and Marketing Information.  Production and Marketing Efficiency, Indicators/Measures. Business Communication in Agro-industry. Skills in Business Communication. Strategies in Designing Business Communication. Problems of Agribusiness Management in the Developing Countries of Africa.

(3 units)



AGE   615      Green Technology and Skills Development in Agriculture

Concepts of greening TVET, green technologies, green jobs and green skills. High carbon and low carbon economies – concepts. Transition from high carbon economy to low carbon economy. Green technologies for promoting agricultural production system. Modalities for utilizing green technologies and developing green skills in agriculture.

(2 Unit )

AGE   616      Soil Fertility and Conservation Education

Soil typology and classification. Topographical and vegetation  influences on soil quality. Fertile and Non-fertile soil conditions.  Soil Nutrients movement theory and Utilization by Plants.  Nutrient loss in the soil and hunger signs in plants.  Soil Conservation principles and practices. Soil Conservation education models – awareness, interest, decision making, adoption and satisfaction. Developing soil conservation training programmes. Experimental Studies in Soil Fertility and Conservation.                              (3 units )

AGE    Business Development Plans for Youths in Agric.

Concept and models of business development plans. Challenges of youth engagements in agriculture. Analysis of agricultural business ventures that interests the youth. Practical steps in developing a business plan of named venture for specified category of youth and possible try-out mechanism.

(3 units)

AGE   618      Innovations in Micro livestock Production in Schools                                    

Micro livestock concept in school agriculture. Rationale/justification for undertaking  the production of mini livestock in schools. Innovative approaches and practical techniques involved in the production of Giant cane rat/grass cutter, Quill birds, Snails, Bees, etc.  Students are expected to deliver one seminar paper in this course.                                                                                                                                                                           (3 units)


AGE 619   Environmental Crisis and Climate Change Education    

Global, national and local environmental issues in agriculture. Causes, consequences and remedial actions related to environmental problems. Trends in global and local climate change and mitigation measures. Effects of climate change in agricultural production in Nigeria, Designing climate change farmers’ learning programme – for climate change adaptation and mitigation.                                                      (3 units)


PGC    701:   Synopsis and Grant Writing

Identification of types and nature of grant and grant writing; mining of grants application calls on the internet.  Determining appropriate strategy for each grant application.  Study of various grant application structures and contents and writing of concept notes, detailed project description, budgeting and budget defence.  Study of sample grant writings in various forms and writing of mock research and other grants.  Identification of University of Nigeria synopsis structure and requirements, (Introduction, Methodology and Results).  Determining the contents of each sub-unit of the synopsis.  Steps in writing synopsis from the Dissertation/Thesis document.  Structural and language issues.  Common errors in synopsis writing and strategies for avoiding them.  The roles of the student and the supervisor in the production of a synopsis.  Writing of mock synopsis.  All registered Ph.D students must attend a solution-based interactive workshop to be organised by the School of Postgraduate Studies for a practical demonstration and application of the knowledge acquired from the course, conducted by selected experts.